Much care and attention must be given to physical growth and immunity enhancement during the infant stage. In particular, vaccinations are extremely important for infant health care. If not properly vaccinated, children may contract infectious diseases or develop serious complications, thus vaccination must be administered at the appropriate times.

  • What is vaccination?
    • Vaccination is a process where vaccines are injected into children, who generally have weaker immune systems, to artificially strengthen their immunity.

National Immunization Program

As an immunization program recommended by the country, it is recommended that all infants receive vaccination to prevent against infectious diseases targeted in the National Immunization Program.
Vaccinations listed in the National Immunization Program are available at health centers and designated medical institutions.

  • Vaccinations included in the National Immunization Program are free for children aged 0 to 12years.
National Immunization Program
National Immunization Schedule
based on year 2017
National Immunization Schedule

Vaccination Type, Number ofInoculations, Recommended Age 로 구성된 표

Vaccination Type Number ofInoculations Recommended Age
Tuberculosis (intradermal vaccination) Once Within 4 weeks after birth
Hepatitis B 3 times At 0, 1 and 6 months after birth
Diphtheria/ Tetanus/ Pertussis DTaP 5 times At 2, 4 and 6 months after birth,
between15~18 months after birth and between ages 4~6
Tdap or Td Once Between ages 11~12
Polio (IPV) 4 times At 2, 4 and 6 months after birth and between ages 4~6
Hib (Haemophilus) 4 times At 2, 4 and 6 months after birth and between
12~15 months
Measles / Mumps / Rubella (MMR) 2 times Between12~15monthsafterbirthandbetweenages4~6
Chicken Pox Once Between 12~15 months after birth
JapaneseEncephalitis Inactivated vaccine 5 times Between 18 months after birth (3 times),
at age 6 and age 12
Live vaccine 2 times Between 12~36 months after birth
Influenza Once every year At 6 months after birth and between ages 12
Hepatitis A 2 times Between 12~36 months after birth
Streptococcus pneumoniae 4 times At 2, 4 and 6 months after birth and between
12~15 months
Human Papilloma Virus 2 times At age 12

Child Care Subsidy

  • Ministry of Health and Welfare, Pregnancy/Child Total Care Portal website: www.childcare.go.kr
  • Health and Welfare Ministry Call Center ☎ 129
  • i-sarang Help Desk ☎ 1566-0233
  • e-Kindergarten ☎ 1544-0079

In Korea, child care subsidy is given in many ways to ensure fair child care and education opportunities for children. (※ In the case of multicultural families, it is only applicable to children born to foreign spouses who have acquired citizenship)

  • More details on selection criteria and procedures may be obtained from the Ministry of Health and Welfare website or the Dong Community Service Center.
How to Apply (For All)
  • In order to receive child care subsidies, one have to apply for a Happy Child Card (i-haengbok card). Government subsidies may only be received when child care fees are paid using the Happy Child Card.
  • What is a Happy Child Card?
    • An electronic card (Happy Child Card) containing service vouchers for parents who fulfill a fixed set of conditions such as child's age and income levels etc. It may be used to pay for child care services at day care centers. When parents pay for child care fees (government subsidized child care fees + cost borne by parents), government subsidized child care fees are automatically calculated and paid to the day care centers.
      Parents are only required to pay card fees for the cost borne by parents later.
  • For child care subsidy application and Happy Child Card issuance, Visit the dong community service center or a major credit card company in person, or apply online via the Ministry of Health and Welfare, Bokjiro website (www.bokjiro.go.kr)
  1. STEP1

    Application for child care support and Happy Child Card (in person or online)

  2. STEP2

    Assets Examination Decision and Notice (city, county, ward)

  3. STEP3

    Happy Child Card Issuance and Shipping (financial institutions)

  4. STEP4

    Child Care Services Utilization (child care payment)

  • Nuri (play school) Program for Children aged 3 to 5 years
    In the 3 years directly before entering elementary school, child care fees and school fees will be subsidized regardless of parents' income for all children who go to kindergarten or day care.
    • In Korea, the 'Nuri Program' is provided to ensure fair child care and education opportunities for children aged 3 to 5 years. Through this program, common child care and education services may be received at all child care centers and kindergartens.
    • In Korea, the 'Nuri Program' is provided to ensure fair child care and education opportunities for children aged 3 to 5 years. Through this program, common child care and education services may be received at all child care centers and kindergartens.
    • ‌Eligibility : Children aged 3 to 5 years who go to a national, public or private kindergarten, or day care center
    • ‌Assistance given :‌ School fee subsidy for children aged 3 to 5 years. (Applicable to kindergarten school fees and child care fees of day care)
  • Child Care Subsidy for Children Aged 0 to 5 Years
    Child care subsidy for children who go to day care.
    • Eligibility: Any child aged 0 to 5 years who goes to day care may receive the subsidy.
    • Subsidy amount by age
      • Less than 1 year: 441,000 won
      • 1 year: 388,000 won
      • 2 years: 320,000 won
      • 3 to 5 years: 220,000 won
  • Child Home Care Allowance
    Child care allowance for children who do not go to kindergarten or day care and are cared for at home.
    • Eligibility : Children should be under 5 years of age (0 to 84 months) at time of application. They must be cared for at home and must not receive child care services from day care centers, kindergartens or full day child care programs.
    • ‌Assistance given
Child Home Care

Child Care 로 구성된 표

Child Care Child Care Child Care Allowance
0 ∼ 11 200,000won 0 ∼ 11 200,000won 0 ∼ 35 200,000won
12 ∼ 23 150,000won 12 ∼ 23 177,000won
24∼84 100,000won 24 ∼ 35 156,000won
36 ∼ 47 129,000won
48 ∼ 84 100,000won 36 ∼ 84 100,000won
Source: "Be an Incheoner" - Guidebook for Foreign Residents in Incheon